Honda Fit manuals

Honda Fit: TPMS System Description (USA models)

TPMS Control Unit   Inputs and Outputs at the 20P Connector

Wire side of female terminals

Terminal number

Wire color

Terminal sign

(Terminal name)

Description

Signal

2

WHT

F-CAN H (F-CAN   communication signal high)

F-CAN communication circuit

Ignition switch ON (II): pulses

3

BLK

GND (Ground)

Ground for the TPMS control unit

Less than 0.2 V at all times

7

BLU

K-LINE (Data link connector)

Communications with the HDS

???

8

LT BLU

IG1 (Ignition switch 1)

Power source for activating the system

Ignition switch ON (II): battery voltage

Ignition switch in LOCK (0):   less than 0.1 V

10

RED

+B (Battery positive)

Power source for the TPMS control unit

Battery voltage at all times

11

RED

F-CAN L (F-CAN   communication signal low)

F-CAN communication circuit

Ignition switch ON (II): pulses


System Structure

Once the vehicle speed exceeds 28 mph (45 km/h), the TPMS control unit monitors all four tire pressure sensors and the system function. If it detects low pressure in a tire, it alerts the driver by turning on the low tire pressure indicator. If it detects a problem in the system, it turns on the TPMS indicator.

TPMS Control Unit

Mounted over the accelerator pedal module, the TPMS control unit receives wireless tire pressure sensor ID signals every time the vehicle speeds exceeds 28 mph (45 km/h). It also receives wireless signals from the transmitters for tire pressure and the sensor condition, and it continuously monitors and controls the system. The TPMS control unit cannot directly determine the position (location) of a tire pressure sensor(s) on the vehicle since it is a wireless system. The TPMS control unit assumes a sensor is in the same location on the vehicle as it was when it was last memorized. Tire pressure sensor locations will change during scheduled vehicle maintenance (tire rotation).

NOTE: To determine the actual location of each TPMS wheel sensor on the vehicle, do the tire pressure sensor location procedure. Once the tire pressure sensor locations are identified, write the sensor ID on the sidewall of the tire with a tire crayon to eliminate confusion.

Indicators

Two indicators are in the gauge control module: The low tire pressure indicator comes on when any tire pressure is low, and the TPMS indicator that comes on only if there's a problem with the system.

The low tire pressure indicator alerts the driver that a tire(s) pressure is low, but does not specify the tire(s) location.

VehicleIndicators (LED)Gauge Control ModuleCommunicationvia F-CANControl Unit(with radiofrequency antenna)Tire Pressure Sensor(sensor-transmitterwith acceleration sensor)Wheel(TPMS type)Tire Pressure Sensor(sensor-transmitterwith acceleration sensor)Tire Pressure Sensor(sensor-transmitterwith acceleration sensor)Tire Pressure Sensor(sensor-transmitterwith acceleration sensor)Wheel(TPMS type)Wheel(TPMS type)Wheel(TPMS type)

Tire pressure sensor

Each sensor is an integrated unit made up of the tire valve stem, a pressure sensor, and a transmitter. The unit is attached to the inside of the wheel, around the valve stem. The sensor transmits the internal tire information to the TPMS control unit once every 60 seconds when the vehicle speed exceeds 28 mph (45 km/h). When the TPMS control unit receives a tire pressure signal that is less than: With 15 inch wheels 175 kPa (1.8 kgf/cm2, 25 psi) or With 16 inch wheels 183 kPa (1.9 kgf/cm2, 27 psi), the TPMS control unit then turns on the low tire pressure indicator. When that tire's pressure is increased to more than: With 15 inch wheels 200 kPa (2.0 kgf/cm2, 29 psi) or With 16 inch wheels 210 kPa (2.1 kgf/cm2, 30 psi), and the vehicle is driven above 28 mph (45 km/h) the transmitter sends the tire pressure signal to the TPMS control unit, and then the TPMS control unit turns the indicator off.

NOTE: Do not mix the tire pressure sensors or TPMS wheels with other TPMS types. Be sure to use the correct sensors and wheels for this system.

Sensors are active:

  • When the wheel rotates over 28 mph (45 km/h) the sensor detects the momentum, and switches the sensor to the normal function mode.

  • The LF (low frequency) signal of the TPMS initializer tool makes the sensor active even though the vehicle is stopped. The tire pressure sensor goes into sleep mode when the acceleration sensor detects the wheel is stationary for 5 minutes   or more.

Wheels

The TPMS will not work unless TPMS type wheels are installed on the vehicle. There are two different type of wheels used.

  • Aluminum wheel type: The original equipment wheels have a вЂ�вЂ�TPMS'' mark (A) on them. The wheels also have counterweights (B) incorporated on the opposite side of the tire pressure sensor (C), to counterbalance the weight of the sensor.

  • Steel wheel type: The original equipment wheels have a вЂ�вЂ�TPMS'' mark (A) on them, and a counterweight (B) balances the weight of the tire pressure sensor (C) by a size difference in the wheel disc holes.

ACABBCAluminum wheelSteel wheel

System Communication

  • When the vehicle is traveling more than 28 mph (45 km/h), an RF (radio frequency) band wave signal is transmitted from each tire pressure sensor to the TPMS control unit.

  • When the wheels rotate, the tire pressure sensors momentum is detected, switching them from sleep mode to normal function (awake) mode. After the vehicle is stationary for 5 minutes, the sensors switch from normal function mode back to sleep mode to extend their battery life.

  • Each tire pressure sensor has its own tire pressure sensor ID to prevent jamming by similar systems on other vehicles. After memorizing all the sensor IDs, the TPMS control unit recognizes only those specific signals.

  • An tire pressure sensor ID cannot be memorized automatically. The TPMS control unit knows which sensor ID belongs to each tire pressure sensor. This recurring sensor ID confirmation prevents any confusion in the system as a result of normal tire rotation.

NOTE: Be careful not to bend the brackets on the TPMS control unit. Misalignment of the TPMS control unit could interfere with sending and receiving signals.

TPMS Control Unit(with an internal radio frequency antenna)Tire Pressure Sensor(Sensor-transmitter with acceleration sensor)
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